Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $180,000 Oceanic Institute, University of Hawaii Sea Grant Extension Service, and University of Hawaii at Manoa G.D. Pruder, D.A. Ziemann, B. Miller, and J.K. Wang

Project I: Characterization of Aquaculture Effluent, Environmental Impact Assessment for Effluent from Hawaiian Aquaculture Facilities

  1. Compile and review the pertinent federal, state, and local regulations applicable to aquaculture discharges.
  2. Categorize discharges based on the organisms being cultured and the culture system design.
  3. Compile existing data for representative culture systems and acquire new data as required.
  4. Characterize the quality of effluents discharged from typical Hawaiian aquaculture facilities in terms of chemical species, concentrations, and mass loadings.
  5. Perform a case study for an actual aquaculture facility.
  6. Categorize potential receiving waters for aquaculture discharges on the basis of their physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.
  7. Project the quality and quantity of discharge effluents from a range of typical aquaculture facilities.
  8. Assess the potential for environmental impact, whether positive, negative, or negligible, of the aquaculture effluents discharged into a variety of receiving waters in order to determine the combinations of facility design and discharge locations which present the optimal impact scenarios.


Project II: Effluent Treatment Processes

The overall goal of this component is to produce a state-of-the-art detailed baseline reference document “Engineering Opportunities and Constraints in the Treatment of Aquaculture Effluent.” General long-term objectives are to provide cost-effective aquaculture effluent discharge treatment technology as necessary to satisfy discharge limit regulations, and to obtain required operating permits. It is understood that the treatment process will vary with effluent characteristics and site discharge assimilation capacity as evidenced by environmental impact.

Project III: Education and Regulation Modification

This component has the singular objective of fostering a dialogue between aquaculturists, public regulators, and policy makers leading toward increased understanding and consideration of environmental regulations governing aquaculture effluent discharges into the environment. This proposal is targeted for one year, with proposed subsequent action for a second year.

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $48,000.00 Oceanic Institute, University of Hawaii Sea Grant Extension Service, and University of Hawaii at Manoa G.D. Pruder, D.A. Ziemann, B. Miller, and J.K. Wang

Project I. Characterization of Aquaculture Effluent and Environmental Impact Assessment for Effluent from Hawaiian Aquaculture Ponds

  1. Assist and participate in the ADP/SG workshop scheduled for September 1989.
  2. Provide feedback to Project II concerning the potential environmental impact of aquaculture effluent as modified through control of inputs and operational methodologies or through conventional or non-conventional treatments.
  3. Prepare revisions of the project final report as appropriate for inclusion as a chapter in the reference book being prepared in Project II.

Project II: Effluent Treatment Process

Identify, characterize, quantify, and exploit opportunities inherent in aquacultural systems to improve effluent quality through control and manipulation of inputs and operational methodology

Project III: Education and Regulation Modification

This project has the singular objective of fostering a dialogue between aquaculturists, public regulators, and policy makers leading toward increased understanding and consideration of environmental regulations governing aquaculture effluent discharges into receiving waters.

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $127,000 Oceanic Institute G.D. Pruder and D.A. Ziemann

Project I: Zones of Mixing: Technical Review and Cost Analysis

Establish a set of uniform requirements for the establishment of Zones of Mixing and monitoring programs for aquaculture effluent discharges.

Project II: Aquaculture Alternatives to Coastal Water Discharge: Technical Review and Cost Analysis

Identify the technical potential and projected cost of various approaches to eliminate the discharge of aquaculture effluent into public coastal waters.

Project III: Commercial Aquaculture Zones and Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring

  1. Expedite revision of Hawaii State effluent discharge regulations as applied to aquaculture facilities, in order to foster expansion of aquaculture while protecting coastal water quality.
  2. Establish the value of and necessity for publicly funded environmental monitoring and impact assessment.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $64,100 Oceanic Institute G.D. Pruder and D.A. Ziemann

Project I: Aquaculture Recycled Seawater: Characterization and Utilization

  1. Complete the characterization of the aquaculture recycled seawater quality, and describe the results in publications for technical and non-technical readers.
  2. Examine the potential of aquaculture recycled seawater as a nutrient source for environmental enhancement.

Project II: Effects of Aquaculture Effluent on Environmental Quality and Associated Recreational Activities

  1. Organize a cooperative effort involving other regional aquaculture centers.
  2. Document the effects of aquaculture effluent on environmental quality and associated recreational activities. This documentation will be presented in support of efforts to develop responsible and sophisticated effluent discharge regulations.

Collect, analyze, and report information essential to developing responsible and sophisticated aquacultural effluent discharge regulations.

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $65,000 Oceanic Institute G.D. Pruder and D.A. Ziemann

Project I: Develop an Effective Approach to State Legislators, and Develop and Provide Model Public Aquaculture Permitting and Regulatory Policies

Establish contact with legislators, and enlist interest and participation in the project; develop a work plan, deliver to state legislators the comprehensive report and analysis prepared in Project 2, below, and produce and deliver to state legislators an analysis of regulatory alternatives for Hawaii and model public policies on governmental permitting and regulatory requirements affecting Hawaii aquaculture operations.

Project II: Document and Analyze Existing Information Regarding Aquaculture Effluent Discharge in Hawaii that Reflects Public Interest in the Environment and Aquaculture

  1. Conduct a preliminary review and analysis of historical Hawaiian practices for inclusion in the comprehensive report.
  2. Compile and edit existing information on aquaculture effluent discharge in Hawaii for inclusion in the comprehensive report.
  3. Analyze information and complete a comprehensive document reflecting public interest in developing the aquaculture industry in Hawaii.

Project III: Quantitative Documentation of Enhanced Grow-out of Desirable Animal Species

Carry out experiment on the grow-out of various animal species, and report analysis of results.

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $35,000 Oceanic Institute G.D. Pruder

The overall objective of the project is to reduce the uncertainty, time, and cost of obtaining aquaculture effluent discharge permits and the cost of satisfying aquaculture effluent discharge regulations. Specific objectives related to that goal are to:

  1. Document the effect of aquaculture effluent on water quality and associated recreational activities in Hawaii.
  2.      
  3. Document aquaculture effluent’s growth enhancement effect on desirable aquatic species.

The specific objective for Year 6 is to prepare and publish a report summarizing the findings from the first five years of the project, and recommend regulatory action to the Hawaii State Department of Health.

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $9,580 University of Hawaii Sea Grant Extension Service J. Szyper

The overall goal of this proposal is to improve and/or update the extension capabilities in the region by providing the agents with the most current tools and ideas.

  1. Support the travel and reporting activities of two representatives from the CTSA region to the National Aquaculture Extension Conference to be held in Tucson, Arizona in 2003. These representatives will learn of the most current and updated tools for extension agents, which can later be disseminated to the other extension agents throughout the region.
  2. Co-sponsor the costs of the conference.

 

Final Report
Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $5,000 Michigan State University R. Schnick, T. Batterson
  1. Develop a major initiative with the amoxicillin NADA sponsor and US representative for the compound to obtain approval for its use as a broad spectrum antibacterial in all fishes.
  2. Determine the potential of fumagillin to control or prevent whirling disease in salmonids and hamburger gill disease in catfish and pursue an INAD/NADA if feasible.
  3. Determine the potential for approval of two anesthetics, benzocaine and Aqui-S; Continue the work to obtain approvals for all 19 priority drugs.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $5,000 North Central Regional Aquaculture Center J. Pitts

Objectives unavailable.

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $5,000 Michigan State University R. Schnick, T. Batterson
  1. The Coordinator should act as a liaison between the CVM and the aquaculture public. The CVM’s limited resources can, at times, restrict information transfer. In spite of CVM’s authority to disseminate disclosable information, staff limitations can severely curtail this ability, hence, the Coordinator can provide valuable assistance in this regard.
  2. The Coordinator should encourage prospective INAD participants to become involved in specific areas of NADA approval-related research, relative to their capabilities and the needs of the NADA package.
  3. The Coordinator should seek, on behalf of the aquaculture community, the support and/or participation of pharmaceutical sponsors for INAD studies and ultimately NADAs and coordinate with the sponsor to more quickly achieve FDA approval.
  4. The Coordinator should assist prospective and current INAD holders with guidance on the format to follow for INAD exemption requests and related submissions to CVM.
  5. The Coordinator should identify potential participants for specific investigational studies and solicit their participation.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $10,000 Michigan State University R. Schnick, T. Batterson
  1. Interest major pharmaceutical firms in developing their products, especially broadspectrum antibacterial compounds, for aquaculture.
  2. Pursue new animal drug application sponsors for benzocaine, copper sulfate, Cutrine-Plus, diquat dibromide, erythromycin, fumagillin, potassium permanganate, and LHRHa and work with them to obtain approvals.
  3. Coordinate approval activities for amoxicillin, chloramine-T, common carp pituitary, copper sulfate, Earth Tec, hydrogen peroxide, 17??methyltestosterone, oxytetracycline and sarafloxacin.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $10,000 Michigan State University R. Schnick, T. Batterson
  1. Coordinate approval activities for amoxicillin, Aqui-STM, chloramine-T, common carp pituitary, copper sulfate, Earth TecTM, erythromycin, florfenicol, formalin (extension), fumagillin, gonadotropin releasing hormone, hydrogen peroxide, 17?-methyltestosterone, OvaprimTM, oxytetracycline, potassium permanganate, PycezeTM, sea lice control agents, and trichlorfon.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $10,000 Michigan State University R. Schnick, T. Batterson
  1. Coordinate approval activities for amoxicillin, Aqui-S TM, chloramine-T, common carp pituitary, copper sulfate, Earth Tec TM, erythromycin, estrogen, florfenicol, formalin (extension), fumagillin, human chorionic gonadotropin, hydrogen peroxide, 17 alpha-methyltestosterone, Ovaplant TM, Ovaprim TM, oxytetracycline, potassium permanganate, Pyceze TM, sea lice control agents, and trichlorfon.
  2. Implement important provisions of the Minor Use/Minor Species (MUMS) document.
  3. Reduce or eliminate obstacles to approvals of new oral antibacterials (e.g., florfenicol) and maintain current approvals by participating in the coordination and writing of a “white paper” on antimicrobial resistance.
  4. Help harmonize internationally the protocols for susceptibility testing of antimicrobial agents.
  5. Promote international harmonization of aquaculture drug approvals to ensure that pharmaceutical sponsors remain committed to approvals in the United States.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $8,949 University of Guam and University of Maryland D. Cristostomo, G. Jensen, and D. Webster
  1. Learn successful approaches to problem-solving through case studies that can be replicated in other states, i.e., lessons learned.
  2. Demonstrate and conduct hands-on experience with state-of-the-art computer applications for improving delivery of extension programs.
  3. Identify national extension priorities and critical issues with development of corresponding action plans for implementation.
  4. Identify national extension priorities and critical issues with development of corresponding action plans for implementation.
  5. Share educational materials and programs in addition to expertise.
  6. Strengthen regional and national communication networks to improve services to customers.
  7. Examine successful extension components and outcomes to RAC research projects and develop approaches to improve integration across RACS nationwide.
  8. Develop collective strategy to define extension’s role in measuring impacts of RAC projects and collaboration with others in academia and private sector.
  9. Strengthen communication networks to leverage resources and talent-sharing.
  10. Improve business management skills related to aquaculture and enhance knowledge concerning marketing aspects of aquatic products.
  11. Develop a method to evaluate the impact and accomplishments associated with conference after 1 year (1998).

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
American Samoa $3,005 University of Arkansas J. Davis
Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $192,945 University of Arizona, John Controulis Ph.D., Inc., and University of Hawaii at Manoa D.V. Lightner, R. Williams, and T. Bell
  1. Define significant disease problems of penaeid shrimp larval rearing facilities, and in particular those disease which appear to be potentially treatable.
  2. Identify and test likely drugs and/or chemotherapeutants for the treatment of disorders or syndromes, previously defined as potentially treatable.
  3. In cooperation with an industry sponsor(s), obtain approval for the selected compound(s) from the appropriate Federal government agency.
  4. Perform studies that will identify and lead to the approval of one or more orally administered (via prepared feeds) antibacterial therapeutants.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $165,704 University of Arizona, University of Hawaii at Manoa, and Hawaii Aquaculture Development Program D.V. Lightner, T.A. Bell, R. Fujioka, J.A. Brock, and J. Controulis
  1. Define significant disease problems of penaeid shrimp rearing facilities, and in particular those disease that appear to be potentially treatable.
  2. Identify and test likely drugs and/or chemotherapeutants for the treatment of disorders or syndromes, previously defined (in #1 above) as potentially treatable. Additional criteria for the selection of candidate compounds will be: reported efficacy and potential for government approval under current Federal regulations.
  3. In cooperation with an industry sponsor(s), obtain approval for the selected compound(s) form the appropriate Federal government agency.
  4. Perform studies that will identify and lead to the approval of one of more orally administered (via prepared feeds) antibacterial therapeutants.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $193,000 University of Arizona, University of Hawaii at Manoa, and Hawaii Aquaculture Development Program D.V. Lightner and T.A. Bell
  1. Define significant disease problems of penaeid shrimp rearing facilities and in particular those diseases that appear to be potentially treatable.
  2. Identify and test likely drugs and/or chemotherapeutants for the treatment of disorders or syndromes, previously defined (in #1 above) as potentially treatable. Additional criteria for the selection of candidate compounds will be: reported efficacy, industry sponsor interest, and potential for government approval under current Federal regulations.
  3. In cooperation with an industry sponsor(s), obtain approval for the selected compound(s) from the appropriate Federal government agency.
  4. Perform studies that will identify and lead to the approval of one or more orally administered (via bioencapsulated and prepared feeds) antibacterial therapeutants.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $165,000 University of Arizona, John Controulis Ph.D., Inc., University of Hawaii at Manoa, and Hawaii Aquaculture Development Program D.V. Lightner, T.A. Bell, J. Controulis, R. Fujioka, and J.A. Brock
  1. Define significant disease problems of penaeid shrimp hatchery, nursery, grow-out, and/or broodstock rearing facilities, and in particular those diseases that appear to be potentially treatable.
  2. Identify and test likely drugs and/or chemotherapeutants for the treatment of disorders or syndromes previously defined (in #1 above) as potentially treatable. Additional criteria for the selection of candidate compounds will be: reported efficacy, industry-sponsor interest, and potential for government approval under current Federal regulations.
  3. With contractual and financial cooperation from an industry sponsor(s), obtain approval for the selected compound(s) from the appropriate Federal government agency.
  4. Perform studies that will identify and lead to the approval of one or more drugs or chemotherapeutants, which can be administered, as the specific disease dictates, either via the water, bioencapsulated in a live food or incorporated in a dry prepared feed
Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $100,788 University of Arizona, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hawaii Aquaculture Development Program, and John Controulis, Ph.D., Inc D.V. Lightner, R.R. Williams, R. Fujioka, J. Brock, and J. Controulis
  1. Define significant disease problems of penaeid shrimp hatchery, nursery, grow-out, and/or broodstock rearing facilities, and in particular those diseases that appear to be potentially treatable.
  2.      
  3. Identify and test likely drugs and/or chemotherapeutants for the treatment of disorders or syndromes previously defined (in #1 above) as potentially treatable. Additional criteria for the selection of candidate compounds will be: reported efficacy, industry-sponsor interest, and potential for government approval under current federal regulations.
  4.      
  5. With contractual and financial cooperation from an industry sponsor(s), obtain approval for the selected compound(s) from the appropriate federal government agency.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $110,501 University of Arizona, John Controulis Ph.D., Inc., University of Hawaii at Manoa, and Hawaii Aquaculture Development Program D.V. Lightner, R. Williams, J. Controulis, R. Fujioka, and J. Brock
  1. Identify and test compounds likely to be effective against shrimp diseases that have been identified as treatable. Compounds will be selected based upon their reported efficacy, their potential to receive government approval under current federal regulations, and the manufacturer’s interest in sponsoring studies.
  2.      
  3. With contractual and financial cooperation from one or more industry sponsors, obtain approval for the selected compound(s) from the appropriate federal government agency.

 

Location Funding Institution Principal Investigator(s)
Hawaii $45,166 University of Arizona D.V. Lightner and R. Williams